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 Operation Fall Gelb, Attack on Holland 10th may 1940

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Van D Laan (77th FS)
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Location : The Netherlands -> Gelderland -> Ermelo

PostSubject: Operation Fall Gelb, Attack on Holland 10th may 1940   Fri Jan 15, 2010 9:49 am

Here are some pictures of the Dutch war against Germany which lasted for 4 days (and 9 days in 1 province supported by french forces).

Stats: Dutch - German
Manpower: 280.000 - 750.000
9 divisions - 22 divisions
676 heavy weapons - 1.378 heavy weapons
1 tank - 759 tanks
124 planes - 1.150 planes
0 panzer trains - 6 panzer trains

Casualties
2.332 dead - 2.500 dead
6.000 wounded - 5.500 wounded
271.668 taken POW - 2.000 taken POW
29 MIA - 700 MIA

Prior to the war
Dutch infantry marching. The wagons contain mortars and their ammunition


Dutch military colonne riding through the polder


Dutch bicycle creativity. Actually put to action


Dutch airmen in front of their Fokker C-1a, before 1937


Dutch artillery position awaiting, winter 1939 - 1940


During the war
German fallschirmjägers dropped near the location of our Queen


German fallschirmjägers in action


Ju-52 transport planes shot into flames


Shot down Ju-52 planes near Rotterdam


Bridge being blocked


Bridge bombed to slow down the axis forces


German panzers rolling in our country


2 dead Dutch soldiers in front of one of our bunkers. Picture taken by a German


Results of their bombing on Rotterdam






Capitulation:


German forces in Haarlem, 16th of May

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Captain Robert Van D. Laan
Able Flight Leader
"The Flying Dutchmen"

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Van D Laan (77th FS)
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Location : The Netherlands -> Gelderland -> Ermelo

PostSubject: Re: Operation Fall Gelb, Attack on Holland 10th may 1940   Fri Jan 15, 2010 9:53 am

Actions of our Air force in the early May day's of 1940.

In May 1940 the Dutch air force was part of the Army. Due to wrong economy measures of an incompetent government, the defense of the Netherlands in comparison with the German Wehrmacht and Luftwaffe was far in minority, as well in materials and weapons as in number.
The fact that our country lasted five days against an overwhelming dominance is deserved to the efforts of our men of the army, navy and airforce.

Although in practice bad trained and supplied with old-fashioned weapons, our forces did a performance that is unique in war history.

On the very first day of the battle (May 10, 1940), our Air Defense was surprised by the strategy of attack of the Luftwaffe. The German air force intended to destroy our Air force in one strike, but succeeded only partly. By flying North of our country over the North Sea and after a bend of 180 degrees, our airfields were attacked and bombed from the West, a direction unexpected by our air defense. During this raid, 11 of the 12 Fokker G-1 fighters at the airfield in Bergen were damaged and partly destroyed. Only one pilot succeeded to take off his plane. Later on 6 of the damaged G-1's were repaired by the mechanics, so they could join the battle again.

On the first day of the war, 15 of the 124 operational airplanes were destroyed on the ground. In spite of that, our airmen and anti-aircraft personnel succeeded in destroying 328 of the 1024 deployed German aircraft. (One third of the whole German Air Transport fleet in one day; this never happened again during WW2!)

At Schiphol(Amsterdam Airport) 8 fighters Fokker D-21 and 9 bombers Fokker T-5 were available on the 9th of May 1940. During the bombing by the Germans, early in the morning the 10th of May, alot of planes were damaged, but some D-21's and T-5's were able to take-off and start fighting against the much faster Messerschmitt Me-109 fighters of the Luftwaffe.

A number of German Aircraft were shot down by our airmen.

The Navy airfield "De Kooij" at Den Helder had 11 Fo.D-21 fighters of which 4 were destroyed on the first war day.

10 G-1's, were placed at Waalhaven, near Rotterdam, 1 of them was destroyed during German bombing, but the other 9 could take-off amidst the bomb craters and even succeeded in bringing down 7 German aircraft.

Not all of our T-5 bombers were provided with bomb racks. So part of them were used as fighters and destroyed a number of German Aircraft.

The T-5 bomber had a wingspan of 21 meters and a weight of 7.250 kg. It could carry a bomb load of 1.000 kg.
With its 2 Bristol Pegasus engines it was fairly fast and reached a maximum speed of 417 km/h.
It was the first aircraft of the LVA that was provided with retractable gear.

Bombing the Maas Bridges in Rotterdam failed, some planes were shot down or damaged.

In addition to Fokker aircraft, some Koolhoven FK-51 reconnaissance and American Douglas-8A bombers were available at Ypenburg airbase.
In those days the last were used as fighters. Because of low speed and bad maneuverability, these planes could hardly be useful in the air combats. A number of them were destroyed during the attack of Ypenburg and Ockenburg airfields and the Douglas planes succeeding in becoming airborne, were destroyed on the 10th of May.

After landing of Luftwaffe transport planes at Waalhaven Airport, Rotterdam, from Schiphol airport an attempt was made to destroy those invaders. Three T-5 bombers, escorted by 7 D-21 fighters performed a successful raid and destroyed several of the Junkers on the ground.
During these attack two of the T-5's and one D21 were downed by German fighters.
Also the British Air Force did bomb raids on Waalhaven Airport that night.

One T-5, commanded by Lt. Swagerman (Lieutenant pilot-observer), performed an effective raid on Ockenburg Airstrip near The Hague, destroying German Junckers that had landed there. Old Fokker C-X and C-V planes attacked Ypenburg Airfield very successful.

After attacking Luftwaffe Aircraft on the first day of war, the G-1's from Waalhaven couldn't land on their base; and lack of fuel and ammunition forced them to divert to the airport of Haamstede (now a Glider field) and the beach of Voorne-Putten.
Later this day, Waalhaven was also bombed by British Air forces.

On the 13th of May, Lt. Swagerman in his T-5, only escorted by 2 G-1's, attended to bomb the Moerdijk bridge in order to delay the march of German tank forces from the South towards Rotterdam.
His plane was carrying two bombs of 300 kgs. each and he decided to make two raids. The first bomb missed the bridge and in the second raid the last bomb grazed on a concrete pile of the bridge, but didn't explode.
They were attacked by German fighters and AAguns and crashed near Ridderkerk. All of the men were killed. Also one of the G-1's was destroyed.

After the war B. Swagerman was posthumous decorated with the "Militaire Willemsorde", the highest Netherlands order for courage and faith. One of the D-21 pilots: A.H. Bodaan, killed on the first war day, was also posthumous decorated with the MWO.

Another three G-1's, under construction at the Fokker Aircraft Factory and forced ready, were able to attack the German positions at the Grebbe-frontline.

During the last days of this short war, some old-fashioned C-V and C-X biplanes were used for disturbing activities at the front and near Moerdijk; none of these reconnaissance planes had been destroyed on the first day, because of hided placement round the air field of Bergen. One Fokker C-V, pilot sgt. Roeloffzen, tried to attack enemy positions at the Grebbe Lines near Wageningen, but was shot by 3 Me's and crashed near Opheusden, south of the Rhine in front of the Dutch lines.
A number of C-V reconnaissance planes, from the temporary airfield of Middenmeer, surveyed the Wons and Kornwerderzand positions in Friesland.

Not only the LVA but also the MLD (Marine Luchtvaart Dienst - Naval Air Service) took part in the battle. A Fokker sea-plane C-XIV-W succeeded in bringing down a much faster Messerschmitt.

Regarding the superiority of the german Luftwaffe, the existence of our small Air Force was finished soon.
After five days of war, only 36 Dutch aircraft were left.
Some of our airmen (mostly from the pilot school), took the chance to escape with their planes to France. They had to leave their planes their and were shipped to Great Britain.
A number of remained aircraft were destroyed by their crew and some were captured by the Germans.

As on the 14th of May the city of Rotterdam was heavily bombed by 84 Heinkel He-111 bombers, this catastrophe caused the Dutch commander-in-chief General Winkelman to surrender, as the Germans threatened to bomb Utrecht, maybe more cities.

A heroic battle was performed with great courage and sacrifice of our airmen, naval- and ground forces.

On the 18th of May, 1940, General Winkelman decorated the Air Force Corps with the Military Willems Order.

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Captain Robert Van D. Laan
Able Flight Leader
"The Flying Dutchmen"

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Van D Laan (77th FS)
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PostSubject: Re: Operation Fall Gelb, Attack on Holland 10th may 1940   Thu Jan 21, 2010 1:00 pm



Ofcourse, from a German point of view. Recall that we took down nearly a third of the entire transport fleet and that (perhaps because of this) the German High Command never used the fallschirmjägers in this way anymore. Also the last remaining Fokker T-V bomber of the Dutch airforce attempted on bombing the Moerdijk bridge, in order to slow down the German panzer corps. This bomber had only 2 bombs of 300kg and missed on the first run. The second run was a hit (!) on the pilar but the bomb didn't explode. The pilot (Bernardus Swagerman) was awared the Ridder der 4e Klasse in de Militaire Willemsorde, sort of being a knight in the Netherlands. This pilot was prior to this raid shot down in T-V 855 over sea by an ME-109. He was the only survivor because he managed to swim back to shore. The Moerdijk raid had cost his live and of the rest of the crew. Also 1 supporting G-1 was shot down. Only 1 G-1 returned. (On the way RTB the formation flying at 1500m was intercepted by 9 Bf-109's, the TV was shot into flames instantly. G-1's flying at 1800m and 1815m. 1 Bf-109 was damaged by machinegun fire from the bomber)

Fokker TV with 2x Fokker D.XXI (main Dutch single engine fighter, also seen in great numbers in finland)


Crew killed in the last Fokker TV (Swagerman most left)


Crew killed in the escorting Fokker G-1


Wreck of the crashed T-V 856




Vestiging Holland wasn't considered untakeable as the Germans say it was. Everyone knew that we had only like 1000 simple bunkers and far less machineguns and anti-tank guns protecting the heart of Holland. We didn't even consider it untakeable. All our defences were there just to slow the Germans down so that a lot of forces could evacuate to England. And our queen with the entire government and ~280 pilots and officers were evacuated. Even with combat planes (1x Fokker G-1).

As last thing, we didn't surrender BECAUSE the Moerdijk bridge was passed by the panzer columns. No we surrendered because entire Rotterdam was bombed and the entire city had to be rebuilt. The German army threatned us to surrender, or it would do the same with Utrecht.

_________________________________________________
Captain Robert Van D. Laan
Able Flight Leader
"The Flying Dutchmen"



Last edited by Van D Laan (77th FS) on Thu Jan 21, 2010 4:37 pm; edited 1 time in total
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PostSubject: Re: Operation Fall Gelb, Attack on Holland 10th may 1940   Thu Jan 21, 2010 2:03 pm


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"The Flying Dutchmen"

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Van D Laan (77th FS)
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PostSubject: Re: Operation Fall Gelb, Attack on Holland 10th may 1940   Thu Jan 21, 2010 2:09 pm



Text belonging to this video:

May 15, 1940. UFA Tonwoche No. 506. Against an impending enemy extension of the war in the territory of Belgium and Holland, and with that a drive into the Ruhr by the Allies, the German West Army has undertaken an offensive on a wide front across the German western borders in the early morning hours of May 10. Bridge obstacles have been removed. A Luxembourg customs official is led away.Here, an iron border gate is taken down. The remainder is removed with hammers and torches. In Luxembourg there was hardly any resistance offered. Placards inform the local population. The tanks advance over the cobblestone streets. The columns move forward according to plan. The advance towards the decisive battle in the West has begun. A concrete barrier is unable to halt the column.Rolling stock makes its way quickly through Luxembourg. A security troops keeps a look out.Our brave infantry is greeted by the German border population.Everywhere the German infantry are given refreshments. The advance into Belgium continues at the same time. Here the border barriers are removed in only a short time. The path leads over ruined roads. A tank assists in clearing the roads. Our troops are given a warm welcome by the German population of Eupen-Malmedy, which had been cut off from the rest of Germany. The Luftwaffe has attained supremacy from the first hours in action. Infantry climb aboard a transport aircraft.They are given a special task. In quick flight they are taken to their goal, while marching columns move far below them. In rolling attacks, bombers and Stukas support the the advancing infantry. Enemy defensive installations, defensive positions,marching columns and troop concentrations are attacked from the air. Railroads and bridges are damaged or destroyed.The enemy airbases have been cleared in the first great attack. The result of one German bomb.Thus everywhere railway lines and stations have been reduced to rubble, preventing the enemy from moving supplies. Here, enemy aircraft have bombed the defenseless city of Freiburg in Breisgau (Baden-Württemberg). Schools,kindergartens and hospitals have been destroyed or heavily damaged. 50 persons have been killed - including 13 children - as a result of this brutal and unscrupulous attack upon this defenseless German city.

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Hoogerdijk (77th FS)
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PostSubject: Re: Operation Fall Gelb, Attack on Holland 10th may 1940   Thu Jan 21, 2010 3:03 pm

Love all this Van ^^

Read 3 books about the german invasion, really interesting to see what all happened.

Example, we had a defensive line in the east behind a river with bunkers, fortified bridge defense etc etc. the moment you cross the border with belgium, the defensive line ended. what the germans did was just cross the river on the belgium side and just clear the dutch lines from there. and they say its generalising when we say belgians are dumb ^^ xD
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PostSubject: Re: Operation Fall Gelb, Attack on Holland 10th may 1940   Thu Jan 21, 2010 3:49 pm

wow thanks van that was an awesome read

lol at Dutch: 1 tank XD and u killed more of them! GO MY DUTCIES! STRIKE FEAR INTO THE NAZIS

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Van D Laan (77th FS)
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PostSubject: Re: Operation Fall Gelb, Attack on Holland 10th may 1940   Thu Jan 21, 2010 4:42 pm

Let me show you what tank we had:



French design from 1917. We got it as a gift from the French after World War 1, apparently they didn't need these anymore.

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Hoogerdijk (77th FS)
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PostSubject: Re: Operation Fall Gelb, Attack on Holland 10th may 1940   Thu Jan 21, 2010 5:27 pm

I heard somewhere we got it because we allowed the french to move through a part of southern holland, what an awesome gift ^^
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